The Bangladesh REDD+ Readiness Roadmap lays out the pathways to achieve “Readiness” state towards the country’s aspiration for result based payment. To achieve the desired goal, six closely linked sub-outcomes have been identified as follows:
Establishment of National REDD+ Readiness Management Arrangements: In order to be successful, an efficient system of well-coordinated institutions need to manage REDD+ Readiness activities. Harmonization and efficient coordination among the key national institutions like Forest Department, Department of Environment, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Ministry of Land, Ministry of Chittagong Hill Track Affairs, Ministry of Finance, CHT Hill District Council, Regional Council, etc., along with existing high level committees like REDD Technical Working Committee, REDD and REDD+ Steering Committee, REDD CELL need to be developed along with formation of new entities like REDD Stakeholder Forum and existing informal Technical Working Groups.
Effective Stakeholder consultation and participation in REDD+: Stakeholders – Government agencies, local people, civil society – need to be consulted and involved throughout implementation of the Roadmap. Engaging all stakeholders transparently and effectively is essential for the national REDD+ programme to achieve broad support. Full and effective consultation and multi-stakeholder participation in the REDD+ Readiness Roadmap process will support the building of capacity and trust through the development of communication networks between stakeholder groups (both formal and informal).
A comprehensive understanding of the categories of stakeholders involved in, and affected by, the forest sector is therefore essential for the effective implementation of a REDD+ programme. Therefore, the Roadmap targeted a consultation and participation plan along with capacity building programme to ensure:
In addition to ensure effective stakeholder participation at all level, critical issues to ensure are - gender inclusiveness maintained, principles of FPIC (Free, Prior and Informed Consent) are upheld and a Grievance Mechanism for REDD+ is established.
Development and selection of REDD+ strategies: A logical process must be followed to, first, identify the direct and underlying causes (drivers) of deforestation and forest degradation and, second, to establish which of these drivers can be addressed by strategies based on one or more of the five REDD+ activities, as outlined in the Cancun Agreements. Key parts included are - Assessment of land use, forest policy and governance; Initial assessment of drivers of deforestation and degradation; Framework for ongoing assessment of drivers for REDD+; Feasibility assessment to analyze potential REDD+ strategies, including cost-benefit analysis and the institutional capacity, infrastructure and potential livelihood and conflict-related impacts; planning process for REDD+ strategy implementation.
Implementation framework (including resource distribution and safeguards): The REDD+ Readiness process for Bangladesh needs to rely on conducive frame conditions in order for it to be successfully implemented. The implementation framework for REDD+ is therefore the sum of all the enabling frame conditions necessary for REDD+ to be operationalized in Bangladesh. In addition to appropriate and functioning institutions, this entails legal, policy and financial conditions, the potential for capacity development and effective, transparent communication networks. Crucially, the implementation framework for REDD+ includes the social and environmental frame conditions within which the programme operates, and therefore requires a system to assess how the programme affects these important aspects. The objective of this component of the Roadmap is therefore to identify a process for developing, maintaining and monitoring the optimum frame conditions for REDD+ implementation.
Development of the Reference Levels or Reference Emissions Levels (RLs/RELs): The objective of development of RL/REL is set the baseline against which the emissions by sources and removal by sinks of Bangladesh’s REDD+ policies and interventions will be measured. Setting objective and correct reference levels will ensure that emission reductions or removals are real and verifiable.
Development of the Monitoring and Measurement, Reporting & Verification (MRV) systems: This component is intended to address the requirements set out by the UNFCCC for non-Annex I Parties for the development of the Monitoring and Measurement, Reporting and Verification systems. It focuses on identification of the necessary operations and actions that should be undertaken to achieve an operational forest monitoring system for phase 2 (piloting phase) and the capacity development required to move forward and develop a full MRV system in phase 3 (result based payment phase).